Fri. Jan 17th, 2020

Gaia hypothesis

Have you ever wondered how the world and life work so perfectly? If you have not done so, I will explain it in the same way.

In 1969, the British researcher James Lovelock presented to the world the Gaia hypothesis, which claimed that the planet is a living being creator of its own habitat.

The idea was so far-fetched that it found no echo in the scientific community because it contradicted such approved theories as Darwin's. Lovelock defined Gaia as: a complex entity that involves the biosphere, atmosphere, oceans and earth, constituting in its entirety a feedback system that seeks an optimal physical and chemical environment for life on the planet.

Lovelock affirmed the existence of a system of control of the temperature, atmospheric composition and oceanic salinity because the global temperature of the Earth has remained constant in spite of the energy provided by the Sun; the atmospheric composition remains constant, as is the salinity of the oceans.

In summary, the Gaia Hypothesis states that all the organisms that populate the Earth, as well as their inorganic environments, form an integrated unit of great complexity that self-regulates and allows living conditions on the planet to be maintained.

The most important element of this hypothesis is that it defends the existence of a planetary equilibrium determined by the different organic forms, which actively seeks to maintain the optimal conditions for life, even when threatened by terrestrial elements or spatial reality.

According to Gaia's theory, unlike other planets where atmospheric conditions are regulated by the chemical processes that are occurring, on Earth the stability of the atmosphere is regulated by vital processes. Except for noble gases, the rest of the atmospheric gases on the planet are caused by living organisms.

This hypothesis places a high value on biodiversity to maintain habitable conditions. Precisely for this reason, those who defend the principles of this theory state that with the increase of the human population and, consequently, of its impact on the environment, this balance is being threatened.

This approach, which might seem more spiritual than scientific, has obvious practical applications, as it justifies not only appreciation, but the need for diversity to maintain the global steady state. After all, each species fulfills its particular functions within the extraordinary global symphony of our beautiful Earth.

What do you think? Will you be right? Will our beautiful Earth be a living being creator of its own habitat?

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