Viejito Pascuero, Santa Claus, Papa Noel o San Nicolás. Those are some of the names that the character in charge of spicing Christmas receives.
The history of the origin is mythical and is related to the figure inspired by the Christian bishop Saint Nicholas of Mira (as it is called in the east) or San Nicolás de Bari (as it is called in the west) which was born in the year 310 after Christ in Anatolia, Turkey, and that to date has more than two thousand temples in tribute to him throughout the world.
Nicolás was the son of a wealthy family, but he stood out for his simplicity and service towards others. His father wanted him to follow his business steps in the Adriatic Sea, while his mother intended him to be a priest like his uncle, the bishop of Myra. Since childhood he was characterized because everything he got distributed it to the most needy. He said to his parents: "It would be a nonsense not to distribute much, since God has given us so much".
Their parents' desire remained in the inkwell after the plague took them away and at that time their work made sense. The boy, moved by misfortune, divided his property among those in need and entrusted himself to religion to be ordained as a priest.
Around his figure highlights stories of miracles and their kindness to poor people. Such was the admiration they felt for him that he became patron saint from Greece, Turkey, Russia and Lorraine (France).
In those times the emperor decreed a persecution against the Christians. Despite living the fierce persecution, Nicholas did not lose his sense of humor and his joy especially when talking with the children about the birth of Jesus in whom he put all his hope. In one of the persecutions he was imprisoned for almost 30 years, even from prison he sacrificed and prayed for his Church, even though Roman soldiers made fun of him telling him that faith in Christ was over.
When he converted to Christianity the Emperor of Rome, Constantine, Bishop Nicholas was released, already old with long hair and white beard, and convinced that he was the only believer left, he returned to his city ready to start the Church of Christ. But his surprise was great, when he arrived at the place, he observed the cathedral that had been rebuilt and in it the Christians sang the song Adeste Fideles, since they were celebrating the Christmas party, that's why the Christmas relationship with the arrival of St. Nicholas .
As a culmination, you should know that Santa Claus is named for the name in German of the saint, which would be Saint Nikolais.
His fame as a gift delivery
Legend has it that on one occasion Nicolás knew that a poor man in his city had three daughters, but he could not marry them because he did not have the necessary dowry. Thus, the girls were doomed to remain spinster. The saint remedied this problem by secretly entering the house and placing a gold bag in the socks of the girls, who were hanging from the fireplace to dry. That would be the first time a gift was made for Christmas.
The Change to Santa Claus and Santa Claus
The records indicate that the transformation occurred in the year 1624. According to the BBC, “it was in the 5th century when the image of Santa Claus came to the United States from the Netherlands, -country where Sinterklaas or St. Nicholas is venerated, a character that brings gifts to children on December XNUMXth. ”
However, in 1809 the writer Washington Irving deformed the name of the Dutch saint Sinterklaas in the vulgar pronunciation Santa Claus. This could be considered the birth of the name. Then the poet Clement Clarke Moore made his contribution in a poem called “A visit of St. Nicholas”Where he speaks of Santa Claus as a dwarf and thin, but who gives toys on Christmas eve to children and travels in a sleigh pulled by nine reindeer including the leader, Rodolfo.
In 1863 the cartoonist Thomas Nast gave the character another twist. On that occasion I had to draw some Christmas strips that appeared on Harper's Weekly and gave him a good-looking and chubby appearance.
At the end of the XNUMXth century, from an American announcement by the Lomen Company, an American company in the refrigeration sector, who incorporated the tradition that Santa Claus would come from the North Pole; and Christmas reindeer would be completely popularized as a means of transportation for Santa Claus.
Later, in 1931, Coca Cola acquired the rights and asked the painter Habdon Sundblom to create the image of a more real Santa, so that people could feel closer, to better promote their product. Until that date there was no specific assignment to the color of Santa's clothing, green being one of the most used. Taking advantage of this element, those responsible for marketing soda took the opportunity to dress Santa Claus red and white, as we know today.
Christmas is a word derived from Latin Nativitas o nacimiento, is one of the main Christian holidays that marks the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.
The entire Awakening Knowing team wishes you a merry Christmas and a happy new year ♥
Theme suggested by: Josselyn Iles