Fri. Jan 17th, 2020

Curiosities about Formula 1

Formula 1 is called the queen category of motor racing, it is the most popular competition of international motor racing.

Formula 1 cars are the ultimate expression in technology and performance in the world of cars. This is why everything in these is impressive, speed, sound, how they curve etc.

And in this publication we can find some data, whether you are a fan or not, they will surely attract your attention:

• The best paid driver of the current season is the Spanish Fernando Alonso de McLarenwho perceives 38 million salary, not counting personal sponsorships.

• To save weight and space, Formula One cars do not have a lever or reverse button. This gear is engaged by activating the neutral button on the helm and holding the gearshift down for about half a minute.

• Any of the current F1 car is capable of accelerating from 0 to 100 in 2.5 seconds and reach 160 kms / h speed in a second and a half more (4 ”).

• The high suction created by the aerodynamics of the cars in the Monaco circuit lifts the sewer covers of the route, so they must be welded before each race.

• After 160 km / h, F1 cars generate such a high aerodynamic load that they could go upside down on the roof of a tunnel with the pilot driving upside down.

• To build a single-seater F1 requires about 80.000 expensive parts and 150.000 hours of human work In addition, thanks to all the technological innovations that help them to be tenths of a second faster it makes it even more expensive for this reason, its construction cost exceeds 5 million.

• In the last season of 2016 the team Williams set the pit stop record by taking meager 1.92 seconds to remove the 4 used tires and install a new rubber line and share it Ferrari and Red Bull.

• In Malaysia and other high humidity and heat circuits the pilots support 50 ° C of temperature in the cabin.

• Pirelli tires of the hardest compound used by the F1 of the current season offer a useful life close to the 120 kilometers, while those of a street car last 50.000 kilometers or more.

• The hoses with which F1 is loaded with fuel are capable of filling the 13-gallon gas tank of a street car in 4 seconds.

• The F1 rain tires evacuate an average of 65 liters (17.2 gallons) of water per second, enough to fill a bathtub in just 1.2 seconds.

• The engine has some 5.000 parts of which 1.500 They are moving elements.

• The engine can produce around 800 horsepower and reach 20.000 revolutions (before they were limited they could produce around 1000 hp).

• The motors are built on an aluminum alloy base, due to the combination of their relative lightness and high strength. Other more advanced materials (composite materials, super alloys) could surely offer more lightness, but to limit costs, the FIA It has banned non-ferrous materials.

• As regards the reliability and durability of the engine, in each season they have to last a number of great prizes determined (according to the regulations of said season), if not, the pilot is penalized according to the rules of the FIA.

• At maximum speed (about 18.000 rpm), the Formula 1 engine consumes 0,4 kilograms of air per second. 24 kilos of air per minute, enough air to inflate 600 balloons Humans breathe 150 liters of air when we exercise, while a professional athlete can reach 240 liters per minute. In this way, the air consumed by the set of pneumatic guns is the equivalent of 80 athletes or 130 non-athletic people.

• Exhaust gases emanating from the rear are at a temperature between 950 and 1.000 ° C. The leaks are not silenced and produce a lively thunderous sound. The temperature at which the exhaust gases are evacuated is sufficient to melt aluminum.

• The gearboxes of Formula 1 cars must support between 2.500 and 4.000 Gear changes in a Grand Prix. They are sequential boxes with virtually non-existent gear changes.

• In Grand Prix such as Canada, the drivers change gears on average once every 1,3 seconds. Imagine something like that with a manual car.

• The lubrication of an engine under very high speed and enormous G forces is very important.

• Seven oil pumps flow the oil through the engine, avoiding a lack of lubrication that would destroy the propellant in seconds. Seven pumps so efficient that they consume the same energy as a domestic light bulb. The thickness of the oil layer that lubricates the cylinders is only 20 μm, half thinner than thinner human hair.

• The data acquisition system of a Formula 1 has some 250 channels, 250 variables that are monitored simultaneously by the team from its box. If necessary, these 250 channels can record information 1.000 times per second, which would generate more than 1.000 million of data during any race.

• The 330 km / h the car sticks to the asphalt with a force equivalent to 2,5 tons. An aerodynamic load almost five times greater than its weight, and is achieved thanks to hours and hours of work in the wind tunnel.

• The space available between the car and the ground is very small. Even at medium speeds it is between 10 and 50 mm (1 cm and 5 cm). In the moments closest to the ground, the space between the car and the asphalt would prevent a smartphone from sliding under the vehicle.

• During a maximum intensity braking, the F1 carbon ceramic brakes make the pilot feel live a slowdown of 5g (five times its weight). Curved can be generated up to 4g. A sports car like him Chevrolet Corvette Stingray generates a little more than 1g in a curve, and a conventional car rounds 1g in the most intense braking of which it is capable. A fact to highlight is that these cars are able to stop 330 Km / hr to 0 in only 135 meters.

• When traveling at high speeds, a modern car that exceeds 300 km per hour achieves an aerodynamic force of up to 2.5 tons that pushes it against the ground. It would be like traveling in a common car, but with a van S above.

• The steering wheel of a car is not like that of a common car. The steering wheels of the F1 cars have several buttons by means of which the pilots can regulate the speed, the changes, the braking, etc. It is like the brain of the car and is designed in a removable way for a quick exit of the pilot in any accident.

• We already know that these powerful machines reach over 300 km / hr, but who has been the fastest? The absolute record of maximum recorded speed carries it Juan Pablo Montoya, a Colombian driver who, in the 2004 Italian Grand Prix, achieved a maximum speed of 372.6 Km / h on board your McLaren Mercedes.

• The FIA ​​sets various standards that all cars must comply with. One of them is the allowed weight, the car should not exceed 691 Kg Counting the pilot and fuel. This means that without the last two, a car would be weighing approximately 0.83 lbs. A great challenge for engineers and manufacturers, who are looking to use lightweight and excellent quality materials.

60,000 Tires are used on average in one season.

• An F1 team spends on average 200,000 liters of gasoline by season (including test and race weekends).

• An F1 driver burns on average 600 calories for Grand Prix and lose 4 kg weight due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures and G forces.

• Physical preparation is basic because by losing the 4% of weight, the pilot's psychophysical ability is reduced by 40%.

• The helmet of the pilots costs an average of 25.000 euros.

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Theme suggested by: Alvaro Rondon

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